Drone among Wriggling Business and Flight Restrictions

DJI Spark Drone. PHOTO / cnet.com
Drones become a multifunctional tool for hobbies and become a sophisticated tool that raises security risks.

Frank Wang, a Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST) student, wants to enter a laboratory on his campus. Unfortunately, after sticking out and sticking the ID Card on the laboratory door, the access entry didn’t open. Wang thought he had been “kicked” by his professor.

He briefly forgot about college and chose to work on a “technology project.” Wang then founded the DJI aka Da-Jiang Innovations, a technology company that initially focused on creating an operating system for drones, unmanned aircraft, which developed to create drones that are now increasingly popular.

In his interview session with Colum Murphy and Olivia Geng, journalist for The Wall Street Journal, he revealed that DJI was born because “drones were his dream since childhood” after seeing a replica of a helicopter in Shenzhen, China.

“The helicopter is worth several months’ salary for the average Chinese. My family can’t afford it, “Wang said.

“But, after getting good grades on the high school exam, my parents bought him. I then assembled it, but the helicopter couldn’t fly properly. “It took several months of practice to fly it,” Wang recalled.

David Pierce, senior writer at Wired, said “DJI made the first drone not as a toy or tool, but both. This is what makes DJI the most important name in the world of drones. “DJI makes it easy for anyone to control the drone.

One of the DJI’s success points was the launch of the Phantom, a drone that was able to fly back to the point where it was launched. In one publication, The Economist mentions DJI “similar to Boeing which revolutionized commercial aviation in the 1930s. DJI has successfully transformed from a civilian drone maker for hobbyists to become a very lucrative business. “

David Pierce says “drone” refers to two definitions. A fully automatic vehicle capable of working without human hands or a vehicle “like a remote.” The original idea of ​​the drone, according to Pierce, originated many years ago, even until World War I.

The reason? controlling vehicles, especially those with high hazards, is better done remotely rather than directly. “Kattering Bug” The first automatic missile used in the 1930s and the work of Nikola Tesla was called “teleautomation” so the example of a remote control system is very important.

Drones in the sense of “easily controlled remote controlled aircraft” were born in 2010. Parrot, the creator of DJI’s similar drone, released the AR Drone at the 2010 Consumer Electronic Show. The Parrot AR Drone is a flying quadcopter controlled by an iPone or iPod Touch based controller. . In addition to the ability to fly a capable drone, the drone has a camera that can be used to record or take pictures.

After Parrot launched the AR Drone, the world of commercial drones was excited. Statista data shows there are 23.8 million drone units shipped this year. The next two years, the figure is predicted to jump to 48.3 million units.

DJI is the mighty name in the world of drones. The Recode report calls the $ 500 to $ 1,000 drones, DJI in this segment controls 36 percent of the global drone market share (2016). Parrot, one of the pioneers of this segment, was satisfied with a market share of 7 percent. Drones for the $ 1,000 to $ 2,000 segment DJI are in power. They gained a market share of 66 percent. For the $ 2,000 to $ 4,000 price segment the DJI takes a niche of 67 percent.

One of the reasons for DJI’s success “is the company’s totality about research and development, which other companies failed to emulate.”

Even though DJI really took all its capabilities on R & D drones, Rhett Allain, in his explanation at Wired, said the drones worked simply. To be able to fly, the drone requires propulsion, which when seen “looks like a fan.” A rotating propulsion knife produces air that pushes down. Then, the air pressure pushes the propulsion up. The stronger the propulsion works, the stronger the lift force produced.

Legal Drones and Umbrellas

Lino, Reatil Sales Senior Manager Hallo Robotics, one of DJI’s official distributors, said that in playing drones, there are only two core regulations: “No-fly zones and altitudes, which are limited to a maximum of 150 meters.”

The no-fly zone is in the airport area, office triangle, to the Thamrin-Sudirman area. The rest, according to Lini “people keep playing drones.” “At home, just bablas-bablas. The rules are just rules, there is no RT-RW permit, “Lino asserted.

Aviation Colonel Agung Sasongkojati who also serves as Deputy Secretary General (Wasekjen) of the Federation of Aero Sport Indonesia (FASI) said implicitly, flying drones in Indonesian air had rules. He revealed “almost most of the area in Jakarta is prohibited for drones.” This is because the reason most parts of Jakarta go to the Flight Operations Safety Zone (KKOP).

“The drone pilots must be certified, the aircraft is certified. For the public, the only choice is for him to join the Federation of Aero Sport Indonesia (FASI), “said Agung.

The issue of flying bans in the KKOP area is regulated in the Minister of Transportation Regulation No. 180 of 2015 concerning “Operation Control of Unmanned Aircraft Systems in the Indonesian Airspace.” Drones are prohibited from flying in restricted airspace, restricted airspace, and KKOP.

Besides Candy Number 180, there are quite a lot of rules that govern the operation of drones. For commercial drone flights regulated by the Ministry of Transportation, Candy number 163 of 2015 concerning civil aviation safety which regulates flight certification. Also there is Permen No. 147 of 2016 regulating the matter of flying drones in Indonesian air space.

These rules are issued no other for safety reasons. Agung considered it was possible for terrorists or criminals to use a drone for a bad purpose. Regulations are made to prevent this from happening.

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